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Liberia is located on the west coast of Africa, by the equator. It is on the Atlantic ocean and it is surrounded by Sierra Leone, Guinea and the Ivory Coast. The capital of Liberia is Monrovia, which was founded in 1822. Liberia has three main regions- the coastal lowlands, plateaus and highlands. Much of the country is covered by rainforest. Liberia is very close to the equator, so it is hot and humid. The average temperature is 79-90 degrees Fahrenheit.
The Liberian climate is good for growing plants, such as rice, coffee, rubber trees and kola trees.
1000-1400 The area of Liberia was originally settled by 3 different ethic groups, the kwa-speaking people, the Mel-speaking people.
1461 Portuguese traders arrive followed by the British and the Dutch
1820 Freed American slaves are brought to Africa to make a colony
1847 Liberia becomes a country
1989-2003 civil war led by Charles Taylor
2006 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf becomes president
Source: Baughan, Brian. Liberia. Philadelphia: Mason Crest Publishers, 2008.
In Liberia most people are bilingual. There are many tribal languages and 50% of the people speak English. It is the official government language and the language of education. Some of the people in Liberia speak Pidgin English. In Pidgin English they add the sound o to the end of words, and slur some words together,
Source: picture from: www.abcnet.au. Information from: Levy, Patricia., and Michael Spilling. Cultures of the World - Liberia. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 2010
Talking Tom speaks in Liberian Pidgin
Most meals in Liberia contain rice. That is their main food. They rarely eat meat. Whenever they do eat meat, they catch antelope, wild pigs, and even leopards. They also eat lizards, snakes, frogs, termites, and snails. Smaller animals are caught in traps. Another thing that they eat a lot of is fruit, like soursop, grapefruit, mangoes, oranges, pineapples, bananas, and watermelons. They also eat a lot of fish. The woman go out and catch them in nets and then they carry them back to their homes on top of their heads.
Source: picture from: eatplanet.blogspot.com, information from: Levy, Patricia., and Michael Spilling. Cultures of the World - Liberia. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 2010
This video shows some of the different kinds of food in Liberia that they eat.
Source: YouTube Video
I loved your learning packet! Can you tell me about the political climate in Liberia today? It is very interesting that the President is a woman. How do you think a female President in a third world country changes the social and political climate?
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