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Chaparral

Chaparral

 
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Objective:
  1. Provide real world examples in order to develop a concept map or chart outlining the locations and characteristics of the chaparral.

  2. Explore the vegetation and life within this environment, and the precarious balance needed to maintain that life.

  3. Introduce the new vocabulary and definitions, reiterating them throughout the lesson.

  4. Keep to the basic information with activities to allow practice with the new content material.

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Tutorial

Chaparral podcast

Listen to this 4-minute podcast to discover what the chaparral biome is, where you can find it, and what kind of life it supports. You can scroll down to see visuals and text that reinforce what you are learning in the podcast.

Information in this podcast was compiled from the following sources:

Kids do Ecology. (2004). World Biomes: Chaparral. Retrieved from http://kids.nceas.ucsb.edu/biomes/chaparral.html

Blue Planet Biomes. (2000). Chaparral. Retrieved from http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/chaparral.htm

Tobin A.J. &Dusheck J. (1998). Asking About Life. Orlando, FL: Saunders College Publishing.

The chaparral is not very common and has many names

The chaparral is a type of biome that exists only in small areas on the western portions of some continents. It is characterized by its "Mediterranean" climate with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers.

map of chaparral

This map shows the tiny portion of Earth's surface

covered by chaparral.

The chaparral biome has many names. In California, it is called "chaparral", but on other continents it may be called the "maquis", "mallee", "matorral" or "fynbos."

Maquis of Corsica

This photo was taken in the maquis of Corsica in Europe.

Mallee of Australia

The mallee of Australia is featured in this picture.

hikers in the fynbos

In South Africa, hikers enjoy their time in the fynbos (pictured here).

Photo credits:

Hikers in the fynbos by hamper at http://www.morguefile.com/archive/display/691288

Maquis of Corsica by Markus Schweiss at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Macchia01.jpg

Mallee by Gnangarra at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lake_johnston_gnangarra.jpg

Source: Chaparral. [Map]. Retrieved from http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/k4/biomes/Boverview7.html

Animals in the chaparral feed use shrubs for food and cover

Animals in the chaparral have many adaptations. Plant-eaters can handly the shrubby, spiny brush and may use the shrubs as cover from predators. Meat-eaters like bobcats can cover large amounts of ground in search of food.

quail

Quails are ground-dwelling birds for whom the chaparral's

shrubs provide important cover.

bobcat

Bobcats hunt rabbit and other ground-dwelling animals.

They can cover large amounts of territory in order to

find food.

Photo credits:

Quail: by mikebaird at http://www.everystockphoto.com/photo.php?imageId=3513102&searchId=d98d4c477791d07ecf696e396b856f93&npos=19

Bobcat by Linda Tanner at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bobcat_having_caught_a_rabbit.jpg

Plants in the chaparral are spiny and can withstand drought.

Many of the plants in the chaparral have adapted to store water by producing thick bark or waxy coverings that prevent evaporation. They have also adapted to protect themselves from animals that may be interested in eating them. Many of the plants that grow there, like the scrub oak pictured below are spiny or have thorns.

scrub oak

Chaparral slide-show review

The slide-show review allows you to recall information that you learned in this packet. Use the review to test your understanding of the chaparral, where you can find it, and what kinds of life it sustains.

Source: Slide-show created by Meagan Leatherbury

Questions and Answers

Academic Reviews
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