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Chinese Reading Skill

Chinese Reading Skill

 
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Author: Chenyun Hu
Objective:

In this packet, you will be able to learn:

  • the top 200 most commonly used Chinese characters
  • Chinese proverbs
  • learn Chinese vocabulary visually
  • free Chinese translation tools
(more)
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Tutorial

The Top 200 Most Commonly Used Chinese Characters

Here you can learn the stroke orders, definitions, pronunciations, and phrases of the top 200 most commonly used Chinese characters.

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170: 使
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Chinese Proverbs

This is a collection of Chinese proverbs (諺語 yànyŭ) and idioms (成語 chéngyŭ), given in and sorted by their pinyin transcription. Chinese proverbs and four-plus character idioms are developed from the formulaic or social dialect/saying/expression (歇後語 in pinyin: xièhòuyŭ) and historical story in Chinese.

Some proverbs are literary; that is, from a written source. (See the historical written language or the more modern written language.) Others originated among families, street vendors, and other commoners--all walks of life.

  • ()(shǔi)(zhī)(ēn)(dāng)()(yǒng)(quán)(xiāng)(bào)
    • Literally: A drop of water shall be returned with a burst of spring.
    • Meaning: Even if it was just a little help from others, you should return the favor with all you can when others are in need.

  • ()()(chóng)(zhì), (huò)()(dān)(xíng)
    • Literally: Fortune does not come twice. Misfortune does not come alone.
    • Meaning: The emphasis is on "misfortune doesn't come alone". It's often used as an opener or exclamation, when people talk about coincidental events of misfortune.

  • (bīng)(dòng)(sān)(chǐ),(fēi)()()(zhī)(hán)(ice+freeze+three+units(~feet),not+one+day's(7th and 8th)+chill)
    • Literally: A single day of sub-zero temperature is not enough to create three feet of ice.
    • Moral: Great things cannot be accomplished in a short period of time.
    • Compare: Rome was not built in a day (Roma non fu fatta in un giorno, Italian proverb).

  • (kōng)(xué)(lái)(fēng)(wèi)()()(yīn)(empty+cave+come+wind+not+surely+not+cause)
    • Literally: If the wind comes from an empty cave, it's not without a reason.
    • Meaning: Things don't happen for no reason; everything has a cause.
    • Compare: Where there's smoke, there's fire.

  • (lǎo)()()(), (zhì)(zài)(qiān)()(old+thoroughbred+hidden+stable,determined+be+thousand+distance (unit))
    • Literally: The old horse in the stable still yearns to run 1000 miles 1.
    • Moral: Everybody, no matter the inexperience, yearns to achieve great deeds. Another one is "The older the ginger the hotter the spice".
    • Note: "stable" and "li" rhyme in Mandarin
1 li: a Chinese unit of linear measure, corresponds to about 500 meters.

  • ()(yáo)(zhī)()(), ()( jiǔ)(jiàn)(rén)(xīn)
    • Literally: Over a long distance, you learn about the strength of your horse; over a long period of time, you get to know what's in a person's heart.
    • Moral: Character can be revealed by time.
    • Usage: This can be used positively to praise a true friend, or negatively to criticize friends who could not stand a test.

  • (ròu)(bāo)(zi)()(gǒu) (meat+bun(2nd and 3rd)+hit+dog)
    • Literally: To hit a dog with a meat-bun.
    • Interpretation: Punishment gives less incentive than a reward.
    • Moral: Don't use the wrong method to approach a problem.
    • Compare: You can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar.

Visual Chinese vocabulary lessons

You can learn Chinese vocabulary with a relaxing visual way. It helps learners to memorize Chinese vocabulary more easily.

fahng dzih
House
goong yeu
Apartment
meun
Door
chwahng
Window
yee-dzih
Chair
chwoh-dzih
Table
woh-shih
Bedroom
kuh-teeng
Living room
choo-fahng
Kitchen
chwahng
Bed
bay
Blanket
dung
Light
tzih-swoh
Toilet
see-djau-tchee-en
Shower

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