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How to Critique a Work of Art

How to Critique a Work of Art

Objective:

Write a summative essay critiquing a piece of art using Feldman's Four-step Critical Method

Describe elements by listing all factual information with elaborate detail

Analyze the interactive organization of elements of design with the principles of design

Interpret the message, mood, and meaning based on evidence acquired from descriptive facts, and analytic organization.

Evaluate technique, composition, format, media choices/execution relevant to the artist's intention at communicating their concept.

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Tutorial

Early Sunday Morning. 1930. Edward Hopper

Getting Started

Click on the link beneath the detail of Early Sunday Morning to view the entire image. Begin with describing the factual details that you see in the painting. Refer to the template example to guide you and then complete the description section on your worksheet. Read the Primary Source document on Early Sunday Morning to provide you with more facts and insight into Edward Hopper's work and with this painting.

After describing the painting, move to Analysis. Refer to the template example to guide you and then complete the analysis section on your worksheet. Follow the same process for Interpretation and Evaluation.

Early Sunday Morning Primary Source

Introduction to Edward Hopper and a synopsis of Early Sunday Morning followed by its significance.

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Four Step Critical Process Graphic Organizer

Four Steps defined in an organizer on page 1. Work space for students to practice critique phases on page 2.

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Recorded Critique of Early Sunday Morning in Four Stages

After using the template to critique Early Sunday Morning, take time to listen and look at each of the four phases of a critique posted below. As you learn new information about the painting, add those details into the appropriate section of your graphic organizer.

Description of Early Sunday Morning by Edward Hopper

During this video, facts about Edward Hopper's style and formatting of his Early Sunday Morning painting are documented. Elements of design, specifically line, shape, value, color, and space are also described.

Analysis of Early Sunday Morning by Edward Hopper

During this recording of analysis, attention is given to how Edward Hopper organized the elements described in the previous phase of the critique. During this second phase of the critique, I have specifically addressed how Hopper organized his painting using the principles of balance, contrast, emphasis, movement, repetition, and variety.

Interpretation of Early Sunday Morning by Edward Hopper

In this recording, I have interpreted Early Sunday Morning by referencing evidence from previous phases of the critique. Here in this third phase, I have shared my perception of what I felt Hopper intended to communicate in relation to the message, mood, and meaning for this work of art.

Evaluation of Early Sunday Morning by Edward Hopper

During this final phase of the critique, I have recorded my opinion of the success of Hopper's painting, Early Sunday Morning. I have referenced my other observations while describing, analyzing, and interpreting the work. Although I did not suggest anything for improvement in this painting, I did mention previously, some things that Hopper did to revise his work. I often find areas I would like to revise in my own work and will mention them during this part of the critique process.

Questions and Answers

  • Author
    Answers 6
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    Michele Zimmerman over 1 year ago

    Hopper used variety in a way to communicate individuals' identity in a large city. How did he do this?

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      erin sullivan answered 11 months ago

      Hopper did this by using a wide variety of technique, line variation, color and shape.

      Report
    •  
      Kiley K
      Kiley K answered over 1 year ago

      Edward Hopper used different colors,lines, and shapes.

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      Dulce C.
      Dulce C. answered over 1 year ago

      Hopper used different elements in art, (i think thats what they are called) as in different colors, dark and light, different shades. Lines vary as in some are thick some are thin, lots of line direction for sure! Maybe this portrays the variety that also exists in a city.

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      Emma L.
      Emma L. answered over 1 year ago

      He did this through a variety of shape and color. The windows themselves were uniform in shape, but because the shades were at different heights it showed the presense of people.

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      morgan d
      morgan d answered over 1 year ago

      he used a variety of colors, lines, shapes, techniques

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      Aron Gjeorgievski
      Aron Gjeorgievski answered over 1 year ago

      He used the buildings to communicate life in a city.

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  • Author
    Answers 7
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    Michele Zimmerman over 1 year ago

    What was the original title that Hopper wanted to use for this painting and why did he change it to Early Sunday Morning?

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      erin sullivan answered 11 months ago

      Hopper originally name this piece Seventh Avenue Shops. He changed the name because he wanted to make the piece have a more special meaning, and not something so simple.

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      Emma L.
      Emma L. answered over 1 year ago

      Hopper had originally titled the piece Seventh Avenue shops, but wanted to change the identity of the street so it would have more meaning.

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      Dulce C.
      Dulce C. answered over 1 year ago

      The original title of Hopper's painting was Seventh Avenue Shops, but he changed it since he was well known for coming up with titles for his work that really didn't have any connection whatsoever with his art.

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      morgan d
      morgan d answered over 1 year ago

      it was originallt Seventh Avenue Shops but he changed it to change the identity of the area he painted and he was known for giving titles to his painting that were not really connected to his work

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      Sarah Wilson
      Sarah Wilson answered over 1 year ago

      it was originally named "Seventh Avenue shops". He changed the name becuase Hopper was known for choosing titles for his work that didt really connect to his paintings meanings and sometimes other people would come up with the titles for him. the titls, "Early Sunday morning" was never actually on Sunday, the word "Sunday" was later put into the title by someone else.

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    •  
      Aron Gjeorgievski
      Aron Gjeorgievski answered over 1 year ago

      Seventh Avenue Shops. He changed it because he was known for giving titles to his paintings that did not really connect.

      Report
    •  
      Aron Gjeorgievski
      Aron Gjeorgievski answered over 1 year ago

      Seventh Avenue Shops. He changed it because the new title had more emotion.

      Report
  • Author
    Answers 6
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    Michele Zimmerman over 1 year ago

    What element of design carries the greatest importance when looking at Hopper's entire painting?

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    •  
      erin sullivan answered 11 months ago

      I think that the element with most importance would have to be line. This would be because it shows more depth, direction and adds to the mood of the piece.

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      Dulce C.
      Dulce C. answered over 1 year ago

      The element that carries the most importance would probably be both his use of lines and his use of shadowing. His lines are either vertical or horizontal(static) which adds that "sad" feeling. not sad sad but maybe that down feeling. And his use of shadowing also shows that same effect.

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      Emma L.
      Emma L. answered over 1 year ago

      The element of design that carries the greatest importance is line. Hopper uses a lot of static lines (horizontal and vertical lines) to create a rigid and more stiff feel.

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      morgan d
      morgan d answered over 1 year ago

      the shadows and value

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      Aron Gjeorgievski
      Aron Gjeorgievski answered over 1 year ago

      The coontour and the shadows/shading.

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    •  
      Aron Gjeorgievski
      Aron Gjeorgievski answered over 1 year ago

      The shadows and the shading.

      Report
  • Author
    Answers 6
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    Michele Zimmerman over 1 year ago

    What did Edward Hopper omit from the painting that he originally considered including?

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      erin sullivan answered 11 months ago

      He took away the people in the windows because he wanted to mood of the piece to be more lonely, so having the presence of people would have made it less believable.

      Report
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      Dulce C.
      Dulce C. answered over 1 year ago

      Hopper was going to add people looking out the windows, yet he ended not doing that because including people would take away that feeling of isolation and loneliness.

      Report
    •  
      Emma L.
      Emma L. answered over 1 year ago

      Hopper originally considered including a face looking out one of the windows, but later omitted it because he wanted to create a more ambiguous scene. Keeping people completely out of the piece also creates a lonlier, more isolated mood.

      Report
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      morgan d
      morgan d answered over 1 year ago

      he was originally going to add people into the buildings(in the windows) but he wanted to make it look more desolated

      Report
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      Sarah Wilson
      Sarah Wilson answered over 1 year ago

      he was originally going to have people standing in the upstaris windows of the building but decided not to so he could heighten the feeling of desolation

      Report
    •  
      Aron Gjeorgievski
      Aron Gjeorgievski answered over 1 year ago

      He was originally going to put people standing in the windows.

      Report
  • Author
    Answers 3
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    Michele Zimmerman over 1 year ago

    What two types of realism did Edward Hopper merge while creating his own style of realism?

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    •  
      erin sullivan answered 11 months ago

      American regionalist movement and social realism

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      Dulce C.
      Dulce C. answered over 1 year ago

      Hopper mixed American regionalist and social realist movement to create his own form of realism, that was both similar in a way but different since Hopper added his own style.

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    •  
      Emma L.
      Emma L. answered over 1 year ago

      Hopper merged social realism and the American realist movement to create his own style of realism.

      Report
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