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Paper Writing - Transitions and Topic sentences

Paper Writing - Transitions and Topic sentences

 
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Author: Kristina Blasen
Objective:

To use transition words appropriately within a written paper. To identify and construct topic sentences.

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Tutorial

Using Transition Words in Your Paper

Pen on a notebook

Transitional Devices

Transitional devices are like bridges between parts of your paper. They are cues that help the reader to interpret ideas a paper develops. Transitional devices are words or phrases that help carry a thought from one sentence to another, from one idea to another, or from one paragraph to another. And finally, transitional devices link sentences and paragraphs together smoothly so that there are no abrupt jumps or breaks between ideas.

There are several types of transitional devices, and each category leads readers to make certain connections or assumptions. Some lead readers forward and imply the building of an idea or thought, while others make readers compare ideas or draw conclusions from the preceding thoughts.

Here is a list of some common transitional words or phrases:

To Add:

and, again, and then, besides, equally important, finally, further, furthermore, nor, too, next, lastly, what's more, moreover, in addition, first (second, etc.)

To Compare:

whereas, but, yet, on the other hand, however, nevertheless, on the contrary, by comparison, where, compared to, up against, balanced against, vis a vis, but, although, conversely, meanwhile, after all, in contrast, although this may be true

To Prove:

because, for, since, for the same reason, obviously, evidently, furthermore, moreover, besides, indeed, in fact, in addition, in any case, that is

To Show Exception:

yet, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, of course, once in a while, sometimes

To Show Time:

immediately, thereafter, soon, after a few hours, finally, then, later, previously, formerly, first (second, etc.), next, and then

To Repeat:

in brief, as I have said, as I have noted, as has been noted

To Emphasize:

definitely, extremely, obviously, in fact, indeed, in any case, absolutely, positively, naturally, surprisingly, always, forever, perennially, eternally, never, emphatically, unquestionably, without a doubt, certainly, undeniably, without reservation

To Show Sequence:

first, second, third, and so forth. A, B, C, and so forth. next, then, following this, at this time, now, at this point, after, afterward, subsequently, finally, consequently, previously, before this, simultaneously, concurrently, thus, therefore, hence, next, and then, soon

To Give an Example:

for example, for instance, in this case, in another case, on this occasion, in this situation, take the case of, to demonstrate, to illustrate, as an illustration, to illustrate

To Summarize or Conclude:

in brief, on the whole, summing up, to conclude, in conclusion, as I have shown, as I have said, hence, therefore, accordingly, thus, as a result, consequently, on the whole

Writing Transitions Between Paragraphs

Good transitions can connect paragraphs and turn disconnected writing into a unified whole. Instead of treating paragraphs as separate ideas, transitions can help readers understand how paragraphs work together, reference one another, and build to a larger point. The key to producing good transitions is highlighting connections between corresponding paragraphs. By referencing in one paragraph the relevant material from previous ones, writers can develop important points for their readers.

It is a good idea to continue one paragraph where another leaves off (instances where this is especially challenging may suggest that the paragraphs don't belong together at all.) Picking up key phrases from the previous paragraph and highlighting them in the next can create an obvious progression for readers. Many times, it only takes a few words to draw these connections. Instead of writing transitions that could connect any paragraph to any other paragraph, write a transition that could only connect one specific paragraph to another specific paragraph.

Example 1: Overall, Management Systems International has logged increased sales in every sector, leading to a significant rise in third-quarter profits.

Another important thing to note is that the corporation had expanded its international influence.


Revision: Overall, Management Systems International has logged increased sales in every sector, leading to a significant rise in third-quarter profits.

These impressive profits are largely due to the corporation's expanded international influence.


Example 2: Fearing for the loss of Danish lands, Christian IV signed the Treaty of Lubeck, effectively ending the Danish phase of the 30 Years War.

But then something else significant happened. The Swedish intervention began.


Revision: Fearing for the loss of more Danish lands, Christian IV signed the Treaty of Lubeck, effectively ending the Danish phase of the 30 Years War.

Shortly after Danish forces withdrew, the Swedish intervention began.


Example 3: Amy Tan became a famous author after her novel, The Joy Luck Club, skyrocketed up the bestseller list.

There are other things to note about Tan as well. Amy Tan also participates in the satirical garage band the Rock Bottom Remainders with Stephen King and Dave Barry.


Revision: Amy Tan became a famous author after her novel, The Joy Luck Club, skyrocketed up the bestseller list.

Though her fiction is well known, her work with the satirical garage band the Rock Bottom Remainders receives far less publicity.

Transitional Words and Phrases

Transition Words to Organize text

Descriptive Transition Words

  • Above
  • Under
  • Nearby
  • Opposite to
  • Adjacent to
  • Near
  • Across
  • Beyond
  • To the right
  • To the left
  • In the Background
  • In the foreground
  • Also
  • Similarly
  • Among
  • Below
  • Further

Narrative Transition Words

  • After
  • Afterward
  • As soon
  • Before
  • Finally
  • Later
  • Now
  • Not Long After
  • Until
  • When
  • While
  • One day
  • Subsequently
  • First
  • Second
  • Meanwhile
  • Immediately
  • Soon
  • Yesterday
  • Tomorrow
  • Once
  • In the meantime


Expository Transition Words

  • In addition
  • Furthermore
  • Moreover
  • Also
  • Besides
  • By the way
  • Similarly
  • Equally important
  • For example
  • For instance
  • In fact
  • Like
  • As an illustration
  • In other words
  • In summary
  • In conclusion
  • Therefore
  • Finally
  • As a result
  • Consequently
  • Accordingly
  • First
  • Second
  • Last
  • For this reason
  • To begin with
  • However
  • Although

Identifying & writing topic sentences

This is a brief PowerPoint with examples to help you identify topic sentences and tips on how to write your own topic sentences.

Source: Kristina Blasen

Questions and Answers

  • Answers 0
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    Richard Zinsmeister 3 months ago

    my question is what or how tutorial work for me

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  • Answer 1
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    eeman haider over 1 year ago

    me too

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    •  
      eeman haider answered over 1 year ago

      then we should practice writing

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  • Answer 1
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    DAVID SHAFFER over 3 years ago

    Weak on the "writing" part.

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    •  
      Ignacio Flores answered over 1 year ago

      lazy

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  • Answer 1
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    DAVID SHAFFER over 3 years ago

    My 2 cents: this section of the packet is unnecessary, given that you have a better list above.

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    •  
      Author
      Kristina Blasen answered over 3 years ago

      hi this is a test

      Report
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