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Parts of speech

Parts of speech

 
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Author: Dan Reade
Objective:
  1. Explain what parts of speech are.

  2. Explain what nouns are and how they usually function in a sentence (e.g. as subject or object)

  3. Explain what verbs are and how they usually function in a sentence (e.g. subject-verb agreement)

  4. Explain what adjectives are and where they are usually found in a sentence.

  5. Explain what adverbs are.

  6. Explain what conjunctions are and how they function in a sentence.

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Tutorial

Parts of Speech

There are eight basic parts of speech. The slideshow below will introduce those eight, explain them, and provide examples.

Source: Dan Reade

Parts of Speech: A Poem

This mnemonic is an easy way to remember the eight basic parts of speech:

A NOUN’S the name of any thing;

As school or garden, hoop or swing.

ADJECTIVES tell the kind of noun;

As great, small, pretty, white, or brown.

Three small words we often see

Are ARTICLES – a, an, and the.

In place of nouns the PRONOUNS stand;

John’s head, his face, my arm, your hand.

VERBS tell of something being done;

As read, write, spell, sing, jump, or run.

How things are done the ADVERBS tell;

As slowly, quickly, ill, or well.

They also tell us where and when;

As here, and there, and now, and then.

A PREPOSITION stands before A NOUN;

As in or through a door.

CONJUNCTIONS sentences unite;

As kittens scratch and puppies bite.

The INTERJECTION cries out “Hark!

I need an exclamation mark!”

Source: Creative Commons: Teacher Geek

Nouns

The following video provides a description of nouns, along with their usage as the subjects and objects of sentences.

Source: Dan Reade

Verbs

The following video provides an explanation of verbs, their usage, and common errors that can arise with subject-verb agreement.

Source: Dan Reade

Adjectives

The following video provides a brief and easy explanation of adjectives, along with examples of their placement and usage.

Source: Dan Reade

Adverbs

The video below provides a description of adverbs, along with examples of their usage and an easy way to distinguish between adverbs and adjectives.

Source: Dan Reade

Conjuctions

The video below will provide a description of conjunctions and detail two ways in which they can be used in a sentence or sentences. The video will also provide an easy way to remember the seven most common conjunctions.

Source: Dan Reade

Conclusion

In this packet, you've learned about the major parts of English speech, and in particular

  • Nouns
  • Verbs
  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Conjuctions

This information has incredibly important in terms of being able to talk about language, and in terms of avoiding common grammar mistakes.

Source: Dan Reade

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