By the first decade of the twentieth century, dandyism and Modernism had intersected in those men and women whose sexual lives also had a life in their art, and the cross-dressed figure of the woman artist had gained particular currency. At an historical moment when radical feminists were advocating androgyny, and designers like Coco Chanel were emasculating women's fashions, the new look also began to make its presence felt in the visual arts.
However, there was also an entirely different movement occurring in the art world, which we have come to know as Surrealism. No artistic movement since the nineteenth century has celebrated the idea of woman and her creativity as passionately as did Surrealism during the 1920s and 1930s. Furthermore, none has had as many female practitioners, and none has evolved a more complex role for the woman artist in a modern movement. Female artists made significant contributions to the language of Surrealism.
Female contributions to Surrealism