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Academic Writing: academic essay and general criteria for its evaluation

Academic Writing: academic essay and general criteria for its evaluation

Author: James Konnal

Anyone preparing for such grueling and resource-intensive international exams as IELTS Academic or TOEFL knows that one of the tasks that significantly affect the overall test score is an academic paper. However, what kind of beast is this "academic essay" and what are its evaluation criteria? After all, having this information, you can adjust the training system and achieve the desired result. The main structure of an academic article and its main "features" were discussed in my previous article, and here we will focus on the main criteria that will determine your assessment when writing such an essay. So, let's get started! There are different systems of criteria for evaluating an essay bot review on essay examiner. They can be called differently, can be general, and can be detailed, but despite their number and name, they are reduced to the following basic:

1. Content - content
. This is exactly what you are writing about in your article. How does the content correspond to the task, whether all the questions are covered in the paper, how well developed the ideas and arguments that support these ideas. For example, imagine that you have the following question: "What are the arguments in favor of and against electro cars, and what is your conclusion on this issue." Analyzing it, we see that the text it is necessary to develop conditionally three parts: the argued part in favor of the use of electric cars, the reasoned part against the use of electric cars, and the conclusion, which will express the author's attitude to this issue. If any of these parts are absent from the paper, the score will decrease accordingly. The quality of the arguments themselves and their "reinforcement" is also assessed by this criterion. If the argument is developed qualitatively, supported by real facts and statistics, the essay will be evaluated with a high score on this criterion.

2. Grammar - grammar
. This criterion evaluates the grammatical "toolbox" (tools) that the student has: knowledge and mastery of various grammatical categories (tenses, nouns, adjectives, articles, syntax (use of simple and complex sentences) and many other topics covered in a typical grammar book), the number and quality of errors made in the use of such structures. For example, if your essay is dominated by simple sentences, it may indicate an average level of language proficiency. However, if you want to reach the level of C1-C2, your essay should contain thoughts set out in complex sentences and syntactic constructions.

3. Vocabulary - vocabulary
. This criterion will show at what level you know the lexical system of the English language: how complex vocabulary you know, how correctly you distinguish tokens in different contexts, and how correctly you use them. For example, one of the indicators is the level of use of adjectives. If the author of the essay is dominated by simple adjectives, and the author uses the construction "very + adjective" to convey different concepts, this may indicate his insignificant lexical tools, and accordingly, it will affect the assessment.

4. Cohesion
. This test checks how well you have combined your ideas and individual sentences into a coherent paper. The main factor here is the individual words-links that will help in this task. There is a whole system of such words, grouped by different functions, such as "causality" (as a result, as a consequence), introductory connections (to begin with, firstly, first of all, the first argument in favor of/against) and others, depending on the type of essay.

5. Organization - structure. Here it is important whether you follow the structure of the organization of your essay: whether there is an introduction with a thesis, the required number of paragraphs (at least 2), conclusion; Does each paragraph have a topic sentence, a sentence that supports the arguments, and a final sentence?

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