Chapter 7: Exercises 3, 7, and 11
Chapter 8: Exercises 2, 6, and 9
E7-3 Moonbeam Company manufactures toasters. For the first 8 months of 2017, the company reported the following operating results while operating at 75% of plant capacity:
Sales (350,000 units) $4,375,000
Cost of goods sold 2,600,000
Gross profit 1,775,000
Operating expenses 840,000
Net income $ 935,000
Cost of goods sold was 70% variable and 30% fixed; operating expenses were 80% variable and 20% fixed.
In September, Moonbeam receives a special order for 15,000 toasters at $7.60 each from Luna Company of Ciudad Juarez. Acceptance of the order would result in an additional $3,000 of shipping costs but no increase in fixed costs.
Prepare an incremental analysis for the special order
Should Moonbeam accept the special order? Why or why not?
E7-7 Riggs Company purchases sails and produces sailboats. It currently produces 1,200 sailboats per year, operating at normal capacity, which is about 80% of full capacity. Riggs purchases sails at $250 each, but the company is considering using the excess capacity to manufacture the sails instead. The manufacturing cost per sail would be $100 for direct materials, $80 for direct labor, and $90 for overhead. The $90 overhead is based on $78,000 of annual fixed overhead that is allocated using normal capacity.
The president of Riggs has come to you for advice. “It would cost me $270 to make the sails,” she says, “but only $250 to buy them. Should I continue buying them, or have I missed something?”
Prepare a per unit analysis of the differential costs. Briefly explain whether Riggs should make or buy the sails.