5 Tutorials that teach Accessory Organs: Pancreas, Gallbladder, Liver
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Accessory Organs: Pancreas, Gallbladder, Liver

Accessory Organs: Pancreas, Gallbladder, Liver

Author: Aaron Mullally

This lesson will introduce the role of the pancreas, gallbladder and liver in digestion.

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Accessory Organs to the Alimentary Canal

Source: Public Domain: http://bit.ly/c04KgY; Pancreas image, Public Domain: http://bit.ly/UDsQ3l; Biliary System image, Creative Commons: http://bit.ly/W3WlfP; Hepatic System image, Public Domain: http://bit.ly/T0mSgo

  • Pancreas

    A mixed organ (both endocrine and exocrine) that produces and secretes pancreatic juices into the small intestine that aid in the digestion of food.

  • Liver

    The largest of the visceral organs, the liver produces bile and secretes it into the gallbladder to be stored. The liver also processes nutrients such as amino acids and carbohydrates and also “detoxifies” the blood.

  • Bile

    A secretion created by the liver that is used to aid in the digestion of lipids (fats).

  • Gallbladder

    The organ that stores bile until we need to secrete it; bile is transported from the gallbladder into the duodenum through bile ducts.

  • Hepatic Portal System

    A system of veins that drain blood from the stomach and intestines to the liver; a portal system consists of two consecutive capillary beds connected by a portal vein(s).