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# ACCT 505 FINAL EXAM

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Author: Abraham Nolito
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1. (TCO D) Topple Company produces a single product. Operating data for the company and its absorption costing income statement for the last year are presented below.
Units in beginning inventory

2,000

Units produced

9,000

Units sold

10,000

Sales

\$100,000

Less cost of goods sold:
Beginning inventory

12,000

54,000

Goods available for sale

66,000

Less ending inventory

6,000

Cost of goods sold

60,000

Gross margin

40,000

28,000

Net operating income

\$12,000

Variable manufacturing costs are \$4 per unit. Fixed manufacturing overhead totals \$18,000 for the year. The fixed manufacturing overhead was applied at a rate of \$2 per unit. Variable selling and administrative expenses were \$1 per unit sold.
Required: Prepare a new income statement for the year using variable costing. Comment on the differences between the absorption costing and the variable costing income statements. (Points : 30)
Question 2. 2. (TCO I) (Ignore income taxes in this problem.) Simpson Beauty Products Corporation is considering the production of a new conditioning shampoo that will require the purchase of new mixing machinery. The machinery will cost \$700,000, is expected to have a useful life of 10 years, and is expected to have a salvage value of \$70,000 at the end of 10 years. The machinery will also need a \$45,000 overhaul at the end of Year 5. A \$60,000 increase in working capital will be needed for this investment project. The working capital will be released at the end of the 10 years. The new shampoo is expected to generate net cash inflows of \$150,000 per year for each of the 10 years. Simpson's discount rate is 18%.

Required:
Part A: What is the net present value of this investment opportunity?
Part B: Based on your answer to (a) above, should Simpson go ahead with the new conditioning shampoo? (Points : 30)
Question 3. 3. (TCO A) The following data (in thousands of dollars) have been taken from the accounting records of the Maroon Corporation for the just-completed year.

Sales

1,700

Raw materials inventory, beginning

50

Raw materials inventory, ending

25

Purchases of raw materials

210

Direct labor

360

330

400

Selling expenses

200

Work-in-process inventory, beginning

120

Work-in-process inventory, ending

150

Finished goods inventory, beginning

80

Finished goods inventory, ending

120

Use the above data to prepare (in thousands of dollars) a schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured and a Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold for the year. In addition, what is the impact on the financial statements if the ending finished goods inventory is overstated or understated? (Points : 25)
Question 4. 4. (TCO F) Walker Corporation is preparing its cash budget for November. The budgeted beginning cash balance is \$43,000. Budgeted cash receipts total \$117,000 and budgeted cash disbursements total \$122,000. The desired ending cash balance is \$55,000. The company can borrow up to \$100,000 at any time from a local bank, with interest not due until the following month.

Required:

Prepare the company's cash budget for November in good form. Make sure to indicate what borrowing, if any, would be needed to attain the desired ending cash balance (Points : 25)
Question 5. 5. (TCO F) Bella Lugosi Holdings, Inc. (BLH), has collected the following operating information for its current month's activity. Using this information, prepare a flexible budget analysis to determine how well BLH performed in terms of cost control.
Actual Costs Incurred

Static Budget

Activity level (in units)

5,250

5,178

Variable costs:

Indirect materials

\$24,182

\$23,476

Utilities

\$22,356

\$22,674

Fixed costs:

\$63,450

\$65,500

Rent

\$65,317

\$63,904

(Points : 25)

(more)
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