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Adrenal Glands

Adrenal Glands


This lesson will identify the location of the adrenal glands as well as the functions of hormones produced by the adrenal glands.

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Terms to Know
Adrenal Cortex

The outer covering of the adrenal gland that secretes hormones that regulate body mineral levels, metabolism and aid in the production of sex hormones.

Adrenal Medulla

The adrenal medulla releases hormones called catecholamines (adrenaline) that elevate our metabolism in response to stress. The adrenal medulla is controlled by the sympathetic nervous system (SNS).


Classified as a catecholamine (adrenaline) and is secreted from the adrenal medulla; epinephrine is found in higher amounts in the blood than its counterpart norepinephrine.


Hormones that affect glucose metabolism of the body, the most abundant one being cortisol a.k.a. the stress hormone.


The process of converting amino acids and lipids into glucose, this process takes place in the liver.


The clinical term for low blood sugar.


Hormones that maintain mineral homeostasis; aldosterone is a hormone that stimulates the kidneys to retain sodium.


Classified as a catecholamine (adrenaline) and is secreted from the adrenal medulla; norepinephrine is found in lower amounts in the blood than its counterpart epinephrine.