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Adrenal Glands/Las Glándulas Suprarrenales

Adrenal Glands/Las Glándulas Suprarrenales

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This lesson will identify the location of the adrenal glands as well as the functions of hormones produced by the adrenal glands.

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Tutorial

En esta lección vamos a hablar acerca de la estructura y función de las glándulas suprarrenales y el papel que desempeñan en el sistema endocrino.

Terms to Know
Adrenal Cortex

The outer covering of the adrenal gland that secretes hormones that regulate body mineral levels, metabolism and aid in the production of sex hormones.

Adrenal Medulla

The adrenal medulla releases hormones called catecholamines (adrenaline) that elevate our metabolism in response to stress. The adrenal medulla is controlled by the sympathetic nervous system (SNS).

Epinephrine

Classified as a catecholamine (adrenaline) and is secreted from the adrenal medulla; epinephrine is found in higher amounts in the blood than its counterpart norepinephrine.

Glucocorticoids

Hormones that affect glucose metabolism of the body, the most abundant one being cortisol a.k.a. the stress hormone.

Gluconeogenesis

The process of converting amino acids and lipids into glucose, this process takes place in the liver.

Hypoglycemia

The clinical term for low blood sugar.

Mineralcorticoids

Hormones that maintain mineral homeostasis; aldosterone is a hormone that stimulates the kidneys to retain sodium.

Norepinephrine

Classified as a catecholamine (adrenaline) and is secreted from the adrenal medulla; norepinephrine is found in lower amounts in the blood than its counterpart epinephrine.