Age of Ism's

Age of Ism's

Author: Clay Cook

The period 1750 to 1900 was tumultuous with new ideas spreading around the globe, as well as reactions to these ideas. In this Tutorial, you will be learning about the following "ism's".:

  • Capitalism
  • Utopian Socialism
  • Communism
  • Marxism
  • Liberalism
  • Anarchism
  • Conservativism

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Key Concept 5.1.III.A

A. The ideological inspiration for economic changes lies in the development of capitalism and classical liberalism associated with Adam Smith and John Stuart Mill.

Adam Smith & Capitalism

John Stuart Mill- Classical Liberalism, Utilitarianism, Subjection of Women

Pay special attention to the parts on classical liberalism and Utilitarianism.

Key Concept 5.1.V.A

A. In industrialized states, many workers organized themselves to improve working conditions, limit hours, and gain higher wages, while others opposed capitalist exploitation of workers by promoting alternative visions of society.

Example of alternative visions:
• Utopian socialism
• Marxism
• Anarchism

Capitalism and Socialism

Key Concept 5.3.IV.A

A. Discontent with monarchist and imperial rule encouraged the development of political ideologies, including liberalism, socialism, and communism.