Remember that analysis involves breaking down a subject, making observations, and then evaluating the relationship between the parts and the whole.
If the subject is the point of view of a work of fiction, then an analysis would include breaking down the point of view into it’s elements, observing how point of view affects the story, and then evaluating the relationship between the point of view and the story.
In works of fiction, the point of view determines what the reader knows about the events of the plot, as well as how the reader should feel about the events. Point of view is the lens that readers see the story through; the story is filtered through the storyteller.
Step One: Determine the point of view.
Step Two: Determine how the author establishes point of view (besides the use of certain pronouns).
Step Three: Analyze how that particular point of view affects the story. Imagine the story told from a different point of view (from first to third person, or third person omniscient to third person neutral, etc.).
Using your responses to these basic questions, you can then begin to observe how the point of view impacts the narrative.