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Art

Art

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Author: Destry Fudge
Description:

Learn the principles and elements of art.

This tutorial will provide the student with the skills to create art that incorporate the principles of design.

Review the 7 principles

Review the 7 elements 

Create a piece of artwork utilizing at least 3 of the principles and 3 of the elements.

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Tutorial

Color Wheel

Primary RED YELLOW BLUE

Elements and Principles

 

DESIGN AND COLOUR


The elements and principles of design are the building blocks used to create a work of art. The elements of design can be thought of as the things that make up a painting, drawing, design etc. Good or bad - all paintings will contain most of if not all, the seven elements of design.

The Principles of design can be thought of as what we do to the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

note - the  hyperlinks within the text of this page will open information in a new browser window. After you have read that information the window can then be closed leaving this window open.

THE ELEMENTS OF DESIGN

LINE
Line can be considered in two ways. The linear marks made with a pen or brush or the edge created when two shapes meet.

SHAPE
A shape is a self contained defined area of geometric or organic form. A positive shape in a painting automatically creates a negative shape.

DIRECTION
All lines have direction - Horizontal, Vertical or Oblique. Horizontal suggests calmness, stability and tranquillity. Vertical gives a feeling of balance, formality and alertness. Oblique suggests movement and action
see notes on direction

SIZE
Size is simply the relationship of the area occupied by one shape to that of another.

TEXTURE
Texture is the surface quality of a shape - rough, smooth, soft hard glossy etc. Texture can be physical (tactile) or visual.
see notes on texture

COLOUR
Also called Hue
see notes on colour

VALUE
Value is the lightness or darkness of a colour. Value is also called Tone
see notes on tonal contrast

THE PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN

Elements

 

PAINTING MATERIALS

Brushes  
1" and 1/4" flat 
#2 liner or rigger
3" Hake

Paper
1/4 sheet 300gsm Rough

Watercolor 
Phthalo Blue
Ultramarine Blue
Alizarin Crimson
Scarlet Lake
Burnt Sienna
Quinacridone Gold
White Gouache

Ink
Burnt Sienna Ink and Pen
Water spray