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Balance

Balance

Description:

In this lesson, you will learn about the Balance principle.

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Tutorial

What's Covered

Welcome to today's lesson on balance. This lesson will explain what balance is, introduce you to the types of balance, and show some examples on how balance is actually used. Specifically, this lesson will cover:

  1. Defining Balance
  2. Symmetrical Balance
  3. Asymmetrical Balance
  4. Visual Balance

1. Defining Balance

Balance is a design principle that provides equilibrium to the placement of the elements.

Term to Know

    • Balance
    • Balance is a design principle that provides equilibrium to the placement of elements.

So balance is going to be one of those elements that the viewer will be able to identify very readily, typically by points of interest or some sort of focal point in the design. So a lot of designs will be primarily oriented with balance in mind for that purpose.


2. Symmetrical Balance

Now, when viewing different designs, various pieces will have either asymmetricalor symmetrical balance.

      Term to Know

    • Symmetrical Balance
    • Symmetrical balance is when elements of equal size and shape are evenly distributed on both sides of the central axis.

So symmetrical balance is when an element of equal size and shape are evenly distributed on both sides of a central axis, like you can see in the example below.

Did You Know

A simple way to think about it would be sort of like mirrored images.


3. Asymmetrical Balance

Asymmetrical balance is when elements of different size and shape may be distributed unevenly with a de-centered axis.

Term to Know

    • Asymmetrical Balance
    • Asymmetrical Balance is when elements of different size and shape may be distributed unevenly with a de-centered axis.

Take a look at the image below.

As you can see in the image above, there are the same number of shapes on both sides of the center plane, but they're not evenly distributed. It's also worth noting that with asymmetrical balance, it provides more tension between the elements and it better navigates viewer's eye flow.


4. Visual Balance

Visual balance is kind of like weight in physics in that respect.

So balance will be determined by visual weight, which is influenced by many other factors, like position, size, or texture, shape, and even color.

Take a look at the image below.

Notice the balance is asymmetrical, because there are elements of varying size. Not only that, but the elements are different shapes and in different positions. But overall, it's a balanced piece. You have your taller elements on one side of the canvas that take up most of the space. And similarly, you have the older gentleman with buildings behind him that take up similar amount of space. So it's balanced.

Now, take a look at the contrasting image below.

If you move the older gentleman to the left portion of the screen or canvas, it stays asymmetrical, but you no longer have that sense of balance anymore. Most of the darker elements and most of the contrasting shapes have now shifted over to the left side of the canvas. So it's heavier on one side of the image than the other.

Think About It

View the image below, as well as others that you encounter, and ask is it balanced? What kind of balance is it? And if it's not balanced, why not?


Summary

That concludes today’s lesson on balance. This lesson specifically covered symmetrical balance, asymmetrical balance, and visual balance.

Keep up the learning and have a great day!

Source: THIS WORK IS ADAPTED FROM SOPHIA AUTHOR MARIO E. HERNANDEZ​

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Balance

    Balance is a design principle that provides equilibrium to the placement of elements.

  • Symmetrical Balance

    Symmetrical balance is when elements of equal size and shape are evenly distributed on both sides of the central axis.

  • Asymmetrical Balance

    Asymmetrical Balance is when elements of different size and shape may be distributed unevenly with a de-centered axis.