The structure of DNA consists of two strands of nucleotides that are paired together to form a ladder-like structure. Discover the nitrogenous bases of each nucleotide and how they combine into specific combinations to form the structure of DNA. You will learn about the nitrogenous bases, such as thiamine and guanine, and how they are paired with other nitrogenous bases in DNA and RNA strands.
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) and RNA (Ribonucleic Acid) are two types of genetic material. RNA is responsible for the synthesis of proteins in your body while DNA makes up who you are and controls your cells. DNA and RNA are made up of nitrogenous bases that pair together in a ladder form. We refer to the form of DNA as a double helix.
In DNA the base pairs consist of Adenine which pairs with Thymine and Cytosine which pairs with Guanine.
RNA is generally found as a single strand unless it is being synthesized by DNA. RNA is made of the base pairs adenine, uracil, cytosine and guanine.