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BIOL 250 Master Quiz

BIOL 250 Master Quiz

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The study of normal body structures is called __________.
pathology
anatomy
physiology
microscopy
biology
The study of the structure and function of cells is called ___________.
cytology
gross anatomy
exploratory physiology
comparative physiology
radiology
The most influential medical textbook of the ancient era was written by __________.
Hippocrates
Aristotle
Galen
Vesalius
Avicenna
The terms physics, physiology, and physician come from a term that __________ proposed to distinguish natural causes from supernatural causes.
Hippocrates
Plato
Schwann
Aristotle
Avicenna
______________ is a process that submits a scientist's ideas to the critical judgment of other specialists in the field before the research is funded or published.
Adjudication
Statistical testing
Falsification
Peer review
Hypothetico-deductive testing
The use of controls and statistical testing are two aspects of experimental design that help to ensure __________.
an adequate sample size
objective and reliable results
experimental bias
psychosomatic effects
treatment groups
An educated speculation or a possible answer to a question is called a(n) __________.
scientific method
theory
law
hypothesis
fact
A change in the genetic composition of a population over time is called __________.
mutation
natural selection
selection pressure
evolution
adaptation
Which of the following was an adaptation that evolved in connection with human upright walking?
Hair
Fully opposable thumbs
Stereoscopic vision
Color vision
Spinal and pelvic anatomy
A human is born before his/her nervous system has matured. This is traceable to __________.
their inability to regulate body temperature
skeletal adaptations to bipedalism
the arboreal habits of early primates
the conditions of modern civilization
the diet of early species of Homo
Which of the following lists examples of body structures from the simplest to the most complex?
Mitochondrion, connective tissue, protein, stomach, adipocyte (fat cell)
Protein, mitochondrion, adipocyte (fat cell), connective tissue, stomach
Mitochondrion, connective tissue, stomach, protein, adipocyte (fat cell)
Protein, adipocyte (fat cell), stomach, connective tissue, mitochondrion
Protein, stomach, connective tissue, adipocyte (fat cell), mitochondrion
An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
organ system; organs
organ system; organelles
organ; organelles
organ; molecules
organelle; molecules
During exercise, one generates excess heat and the body temperature rises. As a response, blood vessels dilate in the skin, warm blood flows closer to the body surface, and heat is lost. This is an example of __________.
negative feedback
positive feedback
dynamic equilibrium
integration control
set point adjustment
When a woman is giving birth, the head of the baby pushes against her cervix and stimulates the release of the hormone oxytocin. Oxytocin travels in the blood and stimulates the uterus to contract. Labor contractions become more and more intense until the baby is expelled. This is an example of __________.


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