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Blood Sugar Disorders

Blood Sugar Disorders


This lesson will identify the cause and effects of disorders associated with blood sugar.

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Terms to Know

The clinical term for lower than normal blood glucose levels.


The signs and symptoms leading up to diabetes.

Type I Diabetes

Also called juvenile onset diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), this is an autoimmune disease that causes the destruction of beta cells. Type I diabetes typically strikes at a young age and since the beta cells are destroyed a person cannot produce insulin anymore. They must, therefore, take insulin injections.

Type II Diabetes

Also called adult onset diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), type II diabetes is more of a lifestyle disease that affects people when they are older. People with type II diabetics produce and secrete insulin but, for reasons which are poorly understood, it doesn’t work well.