Borrowed Theories Guiding Practice (graded)

Borrowed Theories Guiding Practice (graded)

Author: brecht 2017

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Borrowed Theories Guiding Practice (graded)
Greetings Class, This is your topic for TD2 and we will be meeting the following PO: 
Analyze theories from nursing and relevant fields with respect to their components, relationships among the components, logic of the propositions, comprehensiveness, and utility to advanced nursing. (PO #1)
Key Concepts:
·      Scope of borrowed theories and their application to the nursing profession.
·      Categories commonly used to organize nursing theories and how a theory fits into the category. 
Choose a borrowed theory and apply its framework to an advanced nursing issue (i.e., hositlity in the workplace, instituting bedside reporting, and shared leadership).See you in the threads!
Dr. Bonney
Please answer this question:Choose a borrowed theory and apply its framework to an advanced nursing issue (i.e., hostility in the workplace, instituting bedside reporting, and shared leadership).
There is an interesting and ongoing debate in the literature regarding the use or avoidance of theories from non-nursing disciplines. As a fledgling profession in the late 1800s and early 1900s, the vast majority of the knowledge base for nursing practice was borrowed from medicine. During the 1950s and later, nursing became determined to separate itself from medicine and establish itself as a unique profession. To do so, nursing needed to demonstrate the characteristics of a profession with one of these being the presence of a unique knowledge base.
Each profession needs to have a focus or object (i.e., another characteristic of a profession). The object or focus of a profession indicates the discrete aspect of reality that is the subject of the discipline (Parker & Smith, 2010).
The following table assists with understanding the object of a profession.
Discipline Primary Knowledge Base Focus or Object of Care Medicine Emphasis on biologic and pharmacologic theory Diagnosis and treatment of health alterations Nursing Emphasis on biologic, psychological, and social theories Emphasis on individuals as biopsychosocial beings to determine appropriate actions in order to foster health Pharmacy Emphasis placed on biologic, chemistry, and pathophysiology Provide safe and appropriate medications while educating the consumer Dietitians Emphasis on biologic, nutritional, and psychological theory Determine nutritional needs and provide appropriate interventions
Borrowed Theories Used By Nursing
Theories From Social Sciences
Theories from social sciences are integral to the discipline of nursing. Nurses in virtually all settings caring for vast groups of patients routinely use concepts and principles from social theories (McEwen & Wills, 2010). Sociologic theories are rich and substantively diverse. Because of this richness and diversity, their theory perspectives are relevant to the discipline of nursing. Social forces have a strong impact on wellness and health of individuals. Developing a sociological perspective in caring for patients is not always comfortable because it calls for confronting and questioning existing assumptions regarding social arrangements (Parker & Smith, 2010). The knowledge gained can benefit not only patients but healthcare and professional nurses, as well.
Feminist Theory
Gender differences and subordination have traditionally been viewed as inevitable, but some believe that gender is socially constructed and tends to justify the subordination and exploitation of women. This perspective has been determined to be too simplistic. In the 1960s, new views of feminism were presented. Feminist theory has been defined as an analysis of women’s perspectives and subordination within the family and other institutional settings (McEwen & Wills, 2010). 
Feminist theories have been frequently cited in nursing literature. Florence Nightingale wrote on gender roles with views on education, self-assessment, and self-development. In more contemporary writings, various views of feminism have included the relations to cultural diversity and nursing advocacy. Nursing research has been conducted using the feminist theory in performing qualitative studies and gaining an understanding of women’s perspectives (McEwen & Wills, 2010).

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