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The aim of this topic is to extend the  understanding  of students about the world around us.
It will also help because  develop their potential to understand different perspectives and to make reasoned responses, skills which will be useful in their study of other disciplines and for their life long learning.

In this tutorial students will be able to understand the population density, culture and History of Brazil. They will be able to identify the different reasons that could cause population density. Students are also encouraged to compare the demographic transition model of Brazil with other countries

POPULATION: BRAZIL (Distribution and density)

Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest nation in the world. It forms an enormous triangle on the eastern site of the continent.It has a boarder with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador.

In 2008, the average population density for Brazil was 2.9per km2. Although the distribution of population over the country is uneven, the population density map, shows relatively a simple pattern. Over 90% of Brazil live  near the coast,mainly in the south east of the country. Going inland, and towards the north and west, the density decreases very rapidly, with some of the remote areas being virtually uninhabited

The highest population densities occur either at irregular intervals along the coast or around the cities of Sao Paulo and Belo Horizonte.  Although the coastal climate is  hot and wet , and flat land limited due to mountains which frequently extend down to the sea, this region has a reliable water supply and a range of natural resources. Salvador and later Rio de Janeiiro were the countries first two capitals. Both had a good natural harbor which encouraged trade, immigration, industry and more recently tourism.

Sao Paulo is the world's second largest city, and Belo Horizonte grew up on the higher, cooler healthier plateau of the eastern Brazilian Highlands. The rich soil around Sao Paulo were ideal for growing coffee. Later the presence of minerals, such as iron ore, and energy supplies allowed the city to develop into a major industrial Centre.

Brasilia is an anomaly. An anomaly is something you would not normally expect. Brasilia only exists only because in 1960 the Brazilian government choose this virtually  uninhabited area as the site for the new federal capital. It was chosen as an attempt to spread Brazil's population. Today Brasilia has a population of 2.35 million.


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