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Calculate Density

Calculate Density

Author: Caley Daniels

To calculate density

Student will learn what properties are needed to calculate density. Students will demonstrate calculating density.

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Students will learn about the property of density. Students will learn the steps in the process to calculate density.

Source: Sciencesaurus

Density Notes

Density Notes


Density is a measurement of how much matter is packed into a certain volume of a substance.

  • The most common unit of density is grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm3)
  • Grams per milliliter are also common. *1cm3 = 1mL


The density of a substance mostly stays the same. For this reason, knowing the density of an object may give you a clue as to what the object is made of.

Density is also useful for predicting if something will sink or float in water.

  • Pure water has a density of 1g/cm3 .

Materials with a density greater than water sink in water.

Materials with a density less than water float in water.

**Corn oil, with a density of only 0.93g/cm3, floats in water.


*Science Alert! The density of a material changes with temperature. Ice (0.9g/cm3), for example, is less dense than liquid water (1.0g/cm3 ). For most other materials, density increases as temperature decreases.

Source: Sciencesaurus