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Californias Regions

Californias Regions


Standard: 4.1.3 - Identify the state capital and describe the various regions of California, including how their characteristics and physical environments (e.g., water, landforms, vegetation, climate) affect human activity. 

Grade: 4 

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Information on California's Regions

There are four different Regions in California.

The first is the coast of California. This is where many tourists come to see the Golden Gate Bridge or do some coastal fishing. Some cities that are often visited is San Francisco,  Monterey, Santa Cruz, San Diego, or Bodega Bay. They have cool summers and cooler winters. The coast line is over 800 miles long.

The second region is the mountain ranges. This area is know well for Yosemite National park. Many visitors go to the mountains to hike, fish, camp, and in the winter time ski or snowboard. Snow melt from the mountains is one of the main sources of water in California.

The third region is the Desert. This are has very little rainfall all year round. It is divided into two major parts; The Mojave and The Colorado Desert. They have extreme climates that soar during the day and drop below freezing at night. Some animals that live here are snakes, coyotes, spiders, and tortoises.

The fourth region is the Central Valley. This is one of the most productive farming regions in the world. Some crops include almonds, walnuts, peaches, nectarines, avocados, blueberries, strawberries, and melons. The central valley is located between the Sierra Nevada and the coastal mountain ranges. It is the home of California's Capital, Sacramento. 

Californias Central Valley


Why is California's Central Valley one of the biggest farming regions in the world? What makes all the different crops grow in one area?