Author: Dan Reade

    Introduce standard rules for capitalization and common errors. 


    Explain when to capitalize proper nouns.


    Explain what words to capitalize in titles or headings.


This packet should help a learner seeking to understand the mechanics of English composition and who is confused about how to correctly incorporate capitalization. It will explain when to capitalize words in a sentence.

See More
Try a College Course Free

Sophia’s self-paced online courses are a great way to save time and money as you earn credits eligible for transfer to over 2,000 colleges and universities.*

Begin Free Trial
No credit card required

28 Sophia partners guarantee credit transfer.

263 Institutions have accepted or given pre-approval for credit transfer.

* The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE Credit®) has evaluated and recommended college credit for 25 of Sophia’s online courses. More than 2,000 colleges and universities consider ACE CREDIT recommendations in determining the applicability to their course and degree programs.


The Basics of Capitalization

Capitalization seems easy but, just like so many other parts of English, there are many rules that can trip up writers. The PDF below goes through some of the basic points of capitalization and also examines common mistakes.

Full Screen

Source: Creative Commons: Pennsylvania State University's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences

Capitalizing Proper Nouns

The following video defines proper nouns and shows rules for their capitalization.

Source: Dan Reade

Capitalizing Titles and Headings

The following video shows the basic rules for capitalizing titles and headings.

Source: Dan Reade