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Author: Amanda Soderlind

This lesson will describe that a catalyst is something which can speed up a reaction by lowering activation energy.

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In order for a reaction to begin there must be a certain amount of energy present. This amount of energy is called the activation energy. A catalyst is something used to lower the activation energy needed for a reaction to happen. A catalyst will affect the rate at which a reaction will happen.  Catalysts speed up a reaction but are not used in the reaction (they are not reactants).


An example of a catalyst in your body would be an enzyme. Enzymes play several roles in your body and are necessary for many reactions in your body to take place at a faster speed.  Enzymes are made from proteins which are synthesized by the ribosomes inside your cells.



Graph: A reaction needs less energy and happens faster in the presence of a catalyst.