3 Tutorials that teach Cerebral Cortex: Frontal Lobes
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Cerebral Cortex:  Frontal Lobes

Cerebral Cortex: Frontal Lobes

Author: Laura Riness

This lesson will identify, describe and differentiate the primary motor cortex, prefrontal cortex, and association areas of the frontal lobe. The functions and problems that may be associated with the frontal lobes will be discussed.  The contribution of Phineas Gage's accident to the field of psychology will be explored.

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Terms to Know
  • Aphasia

    When patients with damage to Broca's area were able to understand speech but had trouble producing it.

  • Association Areas

    Parts of the brain that help to process information and form memories- sensory information.

  • Broca's Area

    An association area in the frontal lobe related to language production.

  • Phineas Gage

    Railroad construction foreman who survived an explosion which shot a tamping rod through his left frontal cortex.  His personality changed after: from being a stable, steady temperament to being immature, moody, and angry.

  • Prefrontal Cortex (Prefrontal Cortex)

    The foremost part of the frontal lobe, involved with sense of self: awareness, impulse control, emotion.

  • Primary Motor Cortex (Primary Motor Area)

    The area of the frontal lobe bordering the parietal lobe related to movement and control of body’s muscles.