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# Chapter 05: Special Populations: Pediatrics Test Bank

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Author: brecht 2017
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Chapter 05: Special Populations: Pediatrics
Test Bank
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1.   A nurse practitioner (NP) is preparing to prescribe a medication for a 5-year-old child. To determine the correct dose for this child, the NP should:
a.

calculate the dose at one third of the recommended adult dose.

b.

estimate the child’s body surface area (BSA) to calculate the medication dose.

c.

divide the recommended adult dose by the child’s weight in kilograms (kg).

d.

follow the drug manufacturer’s recommendations for medication dosing.

2.   An NP is prescribing a drug that is known to be safe in children but is unable to find recommendations about drug dosing. The recommended adult dose is 100 mg per dose. The child weighs 14 kg. Using Clark’s rule, the NP should order _____ mg per dose.
a.

20

b.

10

c.

14

d.

9.3

3.   A child who weighs 22 lb, 2 oz needs a medication. The NP learns that the recommended dosing for this drug is 25 to 30 mg per kg per day in three divided doses. The NP should order:
a.

100 mg daily.

b.

100 mg tid.

c.

300 mg daily.

d.

300 mg tid.

4.   The mother of a 3-year-old child who weighs 15 kg tells the NP that she has liquid acetaminophen at home but does not know what dose to give her child. The NP should tell the mother:
a.

to give 1 teaspoon every 4 to 6 hours as needed.

b.

to throw away the old medication and get a new bottle.

c.

that she may give 5 to 7.5 mL per dose every 4 to 6 hours.

d.

to find out whether she has a preparation made for infants or children.

5.   The parent of a toddler asks the NP about using a topical antihistamine to treat the child’s atopic dermatitis symptoms. The NP should tell the parent that:
a.

topical medications have fewer side effects in children.

b.

medications given by this route are not absorbed well in young children.

c.

topical application of an antihistamine may result in drug toxicity in children.

d.

it is important to apply topical medications liberally over a large surface area.

(more)
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