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Chapter 07: Over-the-Counter Medications Test Bank

Chapter 07: Over-the-Counter Medications Test Bank

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Chapter 07: Over-the-Counter Medications
Test Bank
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1.   A patient asks a primary care nurse practitioner (NP) about using over-the-counter medications to treat an upper respiratory infection with symptoms of cough, fever, and nasal congestion. The NP should:
a.

recommend a cough preparation that also contains acetaminophen.

b.

suggest using single-ingredient products to treat each symptom separately.

c.

recommend a product containing antitussive, antipyretic, and decongestant ingredients.

d.

tell the patient that over-the-counter medications are usually not effective in manufacturer-recommended doses.

2.   A patient asks a primary care NP whether over-the-counter drugs are safer than prescription drugs. The NP should explain that over-the-counter drugs are:
a.

generally safe when label information is understood and followed.

b.

safer because over-the-counter doses are lower than prescription doses of the same drug.

c.

less safe because they are not well regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

d.

not extensively tested, so claims made by manufacturers cannot be substantiated.

3.   A parent calls a clinic for advice about giving an over-the-counter cough medicine to a 6-year-old child. The parent tells the NP that the medication label does not give instructions about how much to give a child. The NP should:
a.

order a prescription antitussive medication for the child.

b.

ask the parent to identify all of the ingredients listed on the medication label.

c.

calculate the dose for the active ingredient in the over-the-counter preparation.

d.

tell the parent to approximate the dose at about one third to one half the adult dose.

4.   A primary care NP recommends an over-the-counter medication for a patient who has acid reflux. When teaching the patient about this drug, the NP should tell the patient:
a.

to take the dose recommended by the manufacturer.

b.

not to worry about taking this drug with any other medications.

c.

to avoid taking other drugs that cause sedation while taking this drug.

d.

that over-the-counter acid reflux medications are generally safe to take with other medications.

5.   A primary care NP is performing a previsit health history on a new patient. The patient reports taking vitamins every day. The NP should:
a.

ask the patient to bring all vitamin bottles to the clinic appointment.

b.

recommend natural vitamin products over synthetic vitamin products.

c.

reassure the patient that vitamins that are high in folic acid are safe to take.

d.

tell the patient that some vitamins, such as vitamin C, are safe in large doses.


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