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Chapter 11: Nutritional Assessment

Chapter 11: Nutritional Assessment

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Chapter 11: Nutritional Assessment
Jarvis: Physical Examination & Health Assessment, 7th Edition
 
MULTIPLE CHOICE
 
     1.   The nurse recognizes which of these persons is at greatest risk for undernutrition?
a.

5-month-old infant

b.

50-year-old woman

c.

20-year-old college student

d.

30-year-old hospital administrator

 
     2.   When assessing a patient’s nutritional status, the nurse recalls that the best definition of optimal nutritional status is sufficient nutrients that:
a.

Are in excess of daily body requirements.

b.

Provide for the minimum body needs.

c.

Provide for daily body requirements but do not support increased metabolic demands.

d.

Provide for daily body requirements and support increased metabolic demands.

 
     3.   The nurse is providing nutrition information to the mother of a 1-year-old child. Which of these statements represents accurate information for this age group?
a.

Maintaining adequate fat and caloric intake is important for a child in this age group.

b.

The recommended dietary allowances for an infant are the same as for an adolescent.

c.

The baby’s growth is minimal at this age; therefore, caloric requirements are decreased.

d.

The baby should be placed on skim milk to decrease the risk of coronary artery disease when he or she grows older.

 
     4.   A pregnant woman is interested in breastfeeding her baby and asks several questions about the topic. Which information is appropriate for the nurse to share with her?
a.

Breastfeeding is best when also supplemented with bottle feedings.

b.

Babies who are breastfed often require supplemental vitamins.

c.

Breastfeeding is recommended for infants for the first 2 years of life.

d.

Breast milk provides the nutrients necessary for growth, as well as natural immunity.

 
     5.   A mother and her 13-year-old daughter express their concern related to the daughter’s recent weight gain and her increase in appetite. Which of these statements represents information the nurse should discuss with them?
a.

Dieting and exercising are necessary at this age.

b.

Snacks should be high in protein, iron, and calcium.

c.

Teenagers who have a weight problem should not be allowed to snack.

d.

A low-calorie diet is important to prevent the accumulation of fat.


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