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Chapter 15: Ears

Chapter 15: Ears

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Chapter 15: Ears
Jarvis: Physical Examination & Health Assessment, 7th Edition
 
MULTIPLE CHOICE
 
     1.   The nurse needs to pull the portion of the ear that consists of movable cartilage and skin down and back when administering eardrops. This portion of the ear is called the:
a.

Auricle.

b.

Concha.

c.

Outer meatus.

d.

Mastoid process. 

     2.   The nurse is examining a patient’s ears and notices cerumen in the external canal. Which of these statements about cerumen is correct?
a.

Sticky honey-colored cerumen is a sign of infection.

b.

The presence of cerumen is indicative of poor hygiene.

c.

The purpose of cerumen is to protect and lubricate the ear.

d.

Cerumen is necessary for transmitting sound through the auditory canal.

 
     3.   When examining the ear with an otoscope, the nurse notes that the tympanic membrane should appear:
a.

Light pink with a slight bulge.

b.

Pearly gray and slightly concave.

c.

Pulled in at the base of the cone of light.

d.

Whitish with a small fleck of light in the superior portion.

 
     4.   The nurse is reviewing the structures of the ear. Which of these statements concerning the eustachian tube is true?
a.

The eustachian tube is responsible for the production of cerumen.

b.

It remains open except when swallowing or yawning.

c.

The eustachian tube allows passage of air between the middle and outer ear.

d.

It helps equalize air pressure on both sides of the tympanic membrane.

 
     5.   A patient with a middle ear infection asks the nurse, “What does the middle ear do?” The nurse responds by telling the patient that the middle ear functions to:
a.

Maintain balance.

b.

Interpret sounds as they enter the ear.

c.

Conduct vibrations of sounds to the inner ear.

d.

Increase amplitude of sound for the inner ear to function.


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