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Chapter 19: Heart and Neck Vessels

Chapter 19: Heart and Neck Vessels

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Chapter 19: Heart and Neck Vessels
Jarvis: Physical Examination & Health Assessment, 7th Edition
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1.   The sac that surrounds and protects the heart is called the:
a.

Pericardium.

b.

Myocardium.

c.

Endocardium.

d.

Pleural space.

 
2.   The direction of blood flow through the heart is best described by which of these?
a.

Vena cava  right atrium  right ventricle  lungs  pulmonary artery  left atrium  left ventricle

b.

Right atrium  right ventricle  pulmonary artery  lungs  pulmonary vein  left atrium  left ventricle

c.

Aorta  right atrium  right ventricle  lungs  pulmonary vein  left atrium  left ventricle  vena cava

d.

Right atrium  right ventricle  pulmonary vein  lungs  pulmonary artery  left atrium  left ventricle

 
3.   The nurse is reviewing the anatomy and physiologic functioning of the heart. Which statement best describes what is meant by atrial kick?
a.

The atria contract during systole and attempt to push against closed valves.

b.

Contraction of the atria at the beginning of diastole can be felt as a palpitation.

c.

Atrial kick is the pressure exerted against the atria as the ventricles contract during systole.

d.

The atria contract toward the end of diastole and push the remaining blood into the ventricles.

 
4.   When listening to heart sounds, the nurse knows the valve closures that can be heard best at the base of the heart are:
a.

Mitral and tricuspid.

b.

Tricuspid and aortic.

c.

Aortic and pulmonic.

d.

Mitral and pulmonic.

  
5.   Which of these statements describes the closure of the valves in a normal cardiac cycle?
a.

The aortic valve closes slightly before the tricuspid valve.

b.

The pulmonic valve closes slightly before the aortic valve.

c.

The tricuspid valve closes slightly later than the mitral valve.

d.

Both the tricuspid and pulmonic valves close at the same time.


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