6 Tutorials that teach Chromosome Structure Changes/Cambios en la estructura del cromosoma
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Chromosome Structure Changes/Cambios en la estructura del cromosoma
Next Generation: HS.LS3.2 HS.LS3.2

Chromosome Structure Changes/Cambios en la estructura del cromosoma


This lesson will identify how the structure of a chromosome can change and the implications that come from changes in chromosomes.

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En esta lección vamos a discutir las diferentes formas en que la estructura de un cromosoma puede cambiar y los efectos que puede tener.

Terms to Know
  • Cri-du-chat

    A genetic disorder caused by the deletion of a section of the 5th chromosome; cri-du-chat is French for “cry of the cat”. Cri-du-chat causes physical and cognitive abnormalities.

  • Deletion

    When part of a chromosome is deleted; sometimes it may not have any effect while other times it does.

  • Duplication

    Sequences of nucleotides are repeated multiple times, they haven’t been linked to disorders, but have been linked to cancers.

  • Karyotype

    Looking at the number of chromosomes and their characteristics under a microscope, this is a critical tool in assessing genetic disorders in a developing embryo.

  • Translocation

    A chromosome abnormality that occurs when nonhomologous parts rearrange and fuse together.