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Author: Laura Alvarenga

Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

This tutorial is for 8th grade level students. By following the tutorial and taking the quiz, students will be able to properly cite information in in-text citations and on their reference page.

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How do you make Citations?

...and why are they important?

What are Citations?

A citation is the quoting of a book or author(s) in support of a fact.

So, if you are using a quote, or paraphrasing someone’s work, you will need to cite the work that you used.

Also search the word Citation on the online dictionary to find other ways that it may be defined.

Why are Citations so Important?

Follow the link to watch a video on the Perils of Plagiarism

•Citations are necessary to show that we are borrowing someone’s words or ideas, and sometimes even images.
•If you are not citing your work, then it is considered PLAGIARISM.

Where do I put Citations?

Citations can be In-Text and/or on a separate page.

Some citations are in things called footnotes.

•Many essays and articles have back pages that hold their citations. There are many different ways to show the texts that a person uses. These back pages can be called:
•A Reference page
•Works Cited

One Example of a Citation is:


Source: College Libraries. (n.d.). Retrieved February 8, 2015, from

How to Make In-Text Citations

Source: (2014, September 30). What Are In-Text Citations? Retrieved February 8, 2015

How to Make Citations for your Reference Page

There are many ways that you can cite your work. Some subjects require you to use a different format for citations.

Some of the different formats are: MLA, APA, Chicago, and Turabian

We will be focusing on MLA format. One website that is useful for seeing how this format functions is the Purdue website.

Citations and Time


If you are writing an essay in science class, would you use information from 1960 or 2012? Why?

The age of the text that you are citing is important.


Before you even choose the text to use, make sure it is as up to date as possible.