4 Tutorials that teach Classical Conditioning
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Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning

Author: Barbara Ludins

This lesson will examine the principles of classical conditioning & explore Pavlov's study of conditioning and how classical conditioning occurs.

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Introduction to Psychology

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Notes on "Classical Conditioning"


(00:00-03:35) Pavlov and classical conditioning

(03:36-06:54) Other conditioning terms

(06:55-07:13) Recap

  • Ivan Pavlov

    Russian physiologist who establishes a foundation for classical conditioning principles.

  • Classical Conditioning

    Learning where a subject comes to associate a response to a stimuli to other stimuli that doesn’t usually produce that response.

  • Stimulus

    Something that happens in the external environment; can be conditioned (related to a learned response), unconditioned (not related to a learned response), or neutral (not related to a response).

  • Response

    Something that a subject does because of a stimulus; can be conditioned (learned) or unconditioned (not learned).

  • Unconditioned Stimulus (US)

    Something that occurs in the environment.

  • Unconditioned Response (UR)

    Subject's natural reaction to an occurrence.

  • Neutral Stimulus (NS)

    Event that does not create a specific response.

  • Conditioned Stimulus (CS)

    Previously neutral stimulus that now has a learned response connected to it.

  • Conditioned Response (CR)

    Learned reaction to a stimulus.

  • Extinction

    When the relationship between a conditioned stimulus and response becomes weaker; when a subject forgets a response.

  • Spontaneous Recovery

    After a conditioned response has been extinguished, it may show up again later.

  • Stimulus Generalization

    When a person responds to a similar stimuli with a learned response.

  • Stimulus Discrimination

    When a person learns to respond differently to similar stimuli.

  • Desensitization

    A type of therapy where a person attempts to learn an unwanted learned emotional response to a stimulus.

  • Conditioned Emotional Response (CER)

    Learned emotional reaction; generally how phobias develop.