The color spectrum is made up of the seven hues of visible light: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet.
These hues are arranged on the spectrum by wavelength.
Color is the makeup of each individual band of the refracted visible light waves. A hue is the name of a specific color.
ANSWER: This hue is red.
ANSWER: This hue is green.
The concept may start to make more sense if you think about how the word "hue" is typically used in a sentence: "That grass has a nice greenish hue,” or “These flowers have beautiful rainbow hues.”
Color also comes in different saturation, which is another term for the intensity of a color. Saturation usually refers to a color's purity or vividness.
In the image above, the base color is the third color from left to right. As you lower the saturation, it becomes more muted. As you raise the saturation, it becomes more pure and vivid.
You can start to see tints and shades arise when this happens. A tint is a color mixed with white, while a shade is a color mixed with black.
Below, you can see what a raised saturation does in a more conventional design.
All of these aspects of color play a huge role in design, as they work together with other elements to create visual interest, mood, appeal, and many, many other factors.
Source: THIS WORK IS ADAPTED FROM SOPHIA AUTHOR MARIO E. HERNANDEZ