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Color

Color

Description:

In this lesson, you will be introduced to Color as an element and how it is considered in the visual design process.

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Tutorial

What's Covered

Hello, and welcome to today's lesson on color. This lesson will introduce color as an element and talk about why it's awesome and cool in design. Specifically, this lesson will cover:

  1. The Color Spectrum
  2. Hue
  3. Saturation

1. The Color Spectrum

The color spectrum is the seven hues of visible light, which are, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet.

Terms to Know

    • Color Spectrum
    • The seven hues of visible light: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. These hues are arranged on the spectrum by wavelength.
    • Hue
    • The name of a color.

These hues are arranged on the spectrum by wavelength.


2. Hue

Now color is the makeup of each individual band of the refracted visible light waves, and it's also known as hue.

Think About It

So hue is quite simply the name of a color. If you look at the chart below, what hue is at 0 in this chart?

ANSWER: That would be red.

Think About It

So how about 120?

ANSWER: The hue is green.

It starts to make more sense if you think about hue used in a sentence, like “that grass has a nice greenish hue” or “these flowers have very beautiful rainbow hues.”


3. Saturation

Color also comes in different saturation, which is another term for the intensity of a color.

Term to Know

    • Saturation
    • Another term for the intensity of a color, usually refers to the purity or vividness of a color.

It usually refers to the purity or vividness of a color.

So in the image above, our base color is that third color from left to right. As you lower the saturation, it becomes more muted. But as you raise it, it becomes more pure and more vivid.

So you start to see kind of tints and shades arise when this happens, and a tint is a color when it's mixed with white. Where as a shade would be a color mixed with black.

So you can see below what saturation does in a more conventional design, as the saturations are raised here.

All of these aspects of color play, of course, a huge role in design and working together with other elements to create visual interest, mood, appeal, and many, many other factors.


Summary

That concludes today's lesson on color, saturation, and hue, which is the name of a color.  Remember, the color spectrum includes 7 hues of visible light.  

Keep up the learning and have a great day!

Source: THIS WORK IS ADAPTED FROM SOPHIA AUTHOR MARIO E. HERNANDEZ

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Hue

    The name of a color.

  • Color Spectrum

    The seven hues of visible light: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. These hues are arranged on the spectrum by wavelength.

  • Saturation

    Another term for the intensity of a color, usually refers to the purity or vividness of a color.