This lesson will explore some of the basic elements of composition.
Allegory of the Oubreak of War; Public Domain: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Los_horrores_de_la_guerra.jpg , School of Athens; Public Domain: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sanzio_01.jpg, Burial of Phocion, Creative Commons Wikimedia, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Burial_of_Phocion.jpg
The invisible plane that corresponds to the surface of the painting, the picture plane is like a window opening out onto another world.
The part of the painting closest to the picture plane, usually corresponding to the bottom of the composition.
The part of the composition between the foreground and the background.
The most distant part of the composition from the picture plane, it is usually shown higher, smaller, and more hazy than the foreground.