This lesson will define and discuss hypotheses (independent and dependent variables), sampling, and snowball sampling as they pertain to sociological research. Max Weber's ideas of value-free and value-relevant research will also be addressed.
The effect of the change.
Commonly known as an educated guess; a statement about how two or more variables are related.
The cause of the change, or what drives the change in the dependent variable.
A smaller group of subjects that ideally represents the larger population as a whole.
A sampling technique where initial subjects are found through acquaintances, and later subjects are found through acquaintances of acquaintances.
Research must be objective and should not be biased by our values, principles, or beliefs.
An acknowledgment that our values guide us to our research topics; we study what we find valuable and interesting.
A characteristic such as age, education, income, married, or single that can vary throughout the population.