4 Tutorials that teach Conducting Sociological Research
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Conducting Sociological Research

Conducting Sociological Research

Author: Sadie Pendaz

This lesson will define and discuss hypotheses (independent and dependent variables), sampling, and snowball sampling as they pertain to sociological research. Max Weber's ideas of value-free and value-relevant research will also be addressed.

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Introduction to Sociology

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  • Snowball Sampling

    A sampling technique where initial subjects are found through acquaintances, and later subjects are found through acquaintances of acquaintances.

  • Sample

    A smaller group of subjects that ideally represents the larger population as a whole.

  • Dependent Variable

    The effect of the change.

  • Independent Variable

    The cause of the change, or what drives the change in the dependent variable.

  • Hypothesis

    Commonly known as an educated guess; a statement about how two or more variables are related.

  • Variable

    A characteristic such as age, education, income, married, or single that can vary throughout the population.

  • Value-Free Research (Max Weber)

    Research must be objective and should not be biased by our values, principles, or beliefs.

  • Value-Relevant Research (Max Weber)

    An acknowledgment that our values guide us to our research topics; we study what we find valuable and interesting.