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4 Tutorials that teach Conducting Sociological Research
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Conducting Sociological Research

Conducting Sociological Research

Author: Paul Hannan

This lesson will define and discuss hypotheses (independent and dependent variables), sampling, and snowball sampling as they pertain to sociological research. Max Weber's ideas of value-free and value-relevant research will also be addressed.

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Terms to Know
Dependent Variable

The effect of the change.


Commonly known as an educated guess; a statement about how two or more variables are related.

Independent Variable

The cause of the change, or what drives the change in the dependent variable.


A smaller group of subjects that ideally represents the larger population as a whole.

Snowball Sampling

A sampling technique where initial subjects are found through acquaintances, and later subjects are found through acquaintances of acquaintances.

Value-Free Research (Max Weber)

Research must be objective and should not be biased by our values, principles, or beliefs.

Value-Relevant Research (Max Weber)

An acknowledgment that our values guide us to our research topics; we study what we find valuable and interesting.


A characteristic such as age, education, income, married, or single that can vary throughout the population.