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Connecting Clauses

Connecting Clauses

Author: Ms. K
Description:
  1.  

    Introduce independent/dependent clauses

  2.  

    Introduce simple, complex, compound, and compound-complex sentence types.

  3.  

    Explain how to join independent and dependent clauses by using a variety of subordinators (when, whether, etc.) to create complex sentences.

  4.  

    Explain how to join independent clauses by using a variety of conjunctive adverbs (however, therefore, etc.) to create compound sentences.

  5.  

    Explain how to join clauses together by using conjunctions to create complex, compound, and compound-complex sentences. 

 

This packet should help a learner seeking to understand how to vary sentence structure and who is confused about how to create complex sentences. It will explain how to connect clauses with a variety of techniques. 

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Tutorial

Clause Introduction

A clause consists of a subject and predicate, and depending on what type of clause it is, it may or may not be a sentence. 

 

Independent clauses are sentences because they contain a subject and predicate and can stand alone stating a complete thought. Independent clauses are independent they can stand alone without help from any one.

Examples:

The trees are swaying in the breeze.

Jim came to my house in an effort to convince me that he hadn't killed my cat.

 

 

Dependent clauses contain a subject and a predicate, but they are not complete sentences because they cannot stand alone and do not comunicate a complete thought.  Dependent clauses depend on the rest of the sentence to complete the idea they are communicating.

Examples:

When the tree swayed in the breeze...

...because he killed my cat.

 

Source: Made by Ms. K

Sentence Types

Source: Made by Ms. K

Using Subordinating Conjunctions

Join independent and dependent clauses by using a variety of subordinators to create complex sentences.

Below is a list of subordinators:

To create a complex sentence just use this list to create one dependent clause and then connect that to your independent clause. 

When you write a compound sentence, you only need a comma when the dependent phrase comes at the beginning.

Source: Made by Ms. K

Using Conjunctive Adverbs

To combine the two independent clauses, just pick a conjunctive adverb and put it between them with a semicolon on the left and a comma on the right.

You will find that writing compound sentences is easy; however, the punctuation is important!

LIST OF CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS
accordingly also besides consequently conversely finally furthermore hence however indeed instead likewise meanwhile moreover nevertheless next otherwise similarly still subsequently then thus therefore.

Source: Made by Ms. K using xtranormal.com

Using Coordinating Conjunctions

and       but       or      nor       yet      for      so

Coordinating Conjunctions

 

Using these words to create compound and compound-complex sentences is straightforward.

 

To combine two independent clauses to make a compound sentence: just pick a coordinating conjunction and put it between the independent clauses with a comma on the left.

You will find that writing compound sentences is easy, and the punctuation is simple!

 

To combine an independent clause and a complex setnence to make a compound-complex sentence: just pick a coordinating conjunction and put it between the independent clause and the complex setnence with a comma on the left.

You will find that writing compound sentences is easy, and the punctuation is simple because all that is required is a comma.

Source: Made by Ms. K