Source: Image of light bulb, Public Domain, http://pixabay.com/en/the-light-bulb-light-bulb-lighting-349400/ ; Image of computer and tablets, Public Domain, http://pixabay.com/en/tablet-screen-monitor-phone-pc-313002/ ; Image of Pythagorean Theorem, Public Domain, http://pixabay.com/en/mathematics-graphic-square-triangle-67319/ ; Image of paper and pen, Public Domain, http://pixabay.com/en/write-note-memo-school-paper-pen-36784/
Welcome to a tutorial on creating a flipped learning lesson part one. In today's tutorial, we will look at what does that homework part of flipped learning look like. What does the homework look like in a flipped learning lesson? What is homework in flipped learning? And when we talk about homework in flipped learning, sometimes you'll hear it described as new homework.
This is a model that is newer for teachers, and so that new homework looks a little different than what homework in traditional learning looks like. In flipped learning, homework is that technological pre-learning that takes place outside of class. We use the videos, or tutorials, or some kind of homework using technology that students can access before we do the activities in class on the lessons.
Lessons are carefully selected and created, and they're very intentional. We don't just randomly pick videos and tutorials, we're very thoughtful, as teachers, about what we want those videos to do and how appropriate they are for our class and our learners. In this homework for flipped learning, active learning techniques can be used during homework.
We can give our students some guided questions or some kind of a chart to fill out as they're going through the videos to help keep them on track and guide their learning. The content is archived and recorded for students to access, not only for those students that do not have computers or internet at home, but also for students to re-watch as needed.
Let's go through some examples of what a homework might look like in flipped learning. So here's the first example, and what we would have students do is watch a teacher-made tutorial on the Pythagorean theorem. Remember that a squared plus b squared equals c squared can be a very confusing concept for students, so we'll go through and make our own tutorial so that we can give them opportunities to practice throughout the tutorial.
Since we know our students, this also gives us the chance to make that video appropriate for our group of learners. In this video in particular, we might pause, or give them opportunities to pause, when directed to attempt some practice problems. So we'll go through and teach the concept. We'll give them a problem, and tell them on the video that they need to pause and complete that problem before moving on.
After they're finished, they can unpause and move forward with the video. After the tutorial, we might have them summarize the Pythagorean theorem and also when they might use this using their own words. So maybe a paragraph or a few sentences on what is the Pythagorean theorem, what did you learn about it, and when might you use it. We also would have them write down any problems through the tutorial that were tough so that we could go over those in class the next day.
Let's look at another example of flipped learning homework. In this example, we would have students watch a video on mammals as well as watch a video on reptiles, maybe preselected videos that were age appropriate. If we had younger learners they would, of course, be maybe cartoons that were shorter in length. If we had older learners, we could use more intense videos that had some higher level content in them.
One way that we could have students follow along and make sure that they were applying these ideas is to have them make a Venn diagram where they compare and contrast mammals on one side and reptiles on the other side, and then in the middle, write any characteristics of both mammals and reptiles. And here's an example of the different characteristics that they might come up with while watching the videos.
Again, this lesson here could be applied to both the younger learners, by using some more cartoonish, easier, shorter videos, or older students. We could also add some things like, explore this website to give them more information to go from if we had older, higher-level-thinking learners.
So let's talk about what we learned today. We looked at two specific examples of what homework might look like in the flipped learning classroom. We talked about a lesson on the Pythagorean theorem for, maybe, middle school-age students, and we also talked about a science lesson on different types of animals, mammals versus reptiles, and what are the characteristics of both mammals and of reptiles.
It's important to note that we did not just have our students watch the videos. We gave them a tool, something to use, to help record their learning so that if they needed to, they could stop, and pause, and go back and re-watch it again and come into class with some actual learning already done.
Thanks for joining me, again, today in this looking at the homework of flipped learning tutorial. I hope you're able to use these ideas in your own classrooms. Let's reflect with some questions. What might the challenges be in creating homework for flipped learning in diverse classrooms? Have you experienced flipped learning homework in your own education?
As you reflect on how this new information can be applied, you may want to explore the additional resources section that accompanies this video presentation. This is where you'll find links to resources chosen to help you deepen your learning and explore ways to apply your newly acquired skill set.
TED-ED: Creating a Flipped Lesson
In this blog post, Caitlin Tucker explains how to flip lessons using TED-Ed videos in a practical and easy to follow format. She provides five easy steps to flipping lessons using videos, including teacher reflection based upon student data and feedback.
Quick start guide to flipping your classroom using screencasting or lecture videos
This blog post by Julie Schell takes a peer mentoring approach to provide teachers with practical and simple steps to begin flipping their classrooms. Schell includes a downloadable PDF of the steps for your quick reference as you are planning your flipped lessons.