This lesson will describe the role and four basic principles of critical thinking in psychology. The application and use of the experimental method and the six elements that make up the scientific method in psychology will be examined.
Thinking that is rational, open-minded, analytical, and supported by evidence.
Systematic way of approaching scientific questions by constructing theories that organize, test, and summarize empirical evidence.
Six Basic Elements of the Scientific Method
2. Defining a problem
3. Proposing a hypothesis (an educated guess that can be tested)
4. Gathering evidence/testing the hypothesis
5. Publishing results
6. Building a theory
Evidence taken from observation or experimentation, not subjective reports.
A formal trial, or experiment, done specifically to prove or disprove a hypothesis.