Developmental Disorders

Developmental Disorders

Author: Aaron Mullally

This lesson will examine factors that can cause certain birth defects or developmental disorders.

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Source: Myelomeningiocele image, Creative Commons: http://bit.ly/SgKPfr; Rubella Rash image, Creative Commons: http://bit.ly/TBL1VS; FAS image, Creative Commons: http://bit.ly/ZhG5Mz; Toxoplasma Gondii image, Public Domain: http://bit.ly/hODXO5

Terms to Know
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    A birth defect that leads to mental retardation due to consumption of alcohol by the mother while pregnant.

  • Rubella

    A virus that can be contracted by a pregnant mother and lead to improper organ development of the baby, also known as German measles.

  • Spina Bifida

    A condition in which lack of folic acid intake by the mother can lead to the neural tube not closing and a portion of the spinal cord being exposed on the child.

  • Teratogen

    Anything that can cause or contribute to the development of a birth defect.

  • Toxoplasmosis

    A condition in which parasitic cysts from exposure to cat feces can infect the mother and fetus causing birth defects or miscarriage.