Disorders of the Eye

Disorders of the Eye

Author: Nathan Lampson

This lesson will examine the cause and effect of various disorders of the eye.

See More
Try a College Course Free

Sophia’s self-paced online courses are a great way to save time and money as you earn credits eligible for transfer to over 2,000 colleges and universities.*

Begin Free Trial
No credit card required

27 Sophia partners guarantee credit transfer.

245 Institutions have accepted or given pre-approval for credit transfer.

* The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE Credit®) has evaluated and recommended college credit for 21 of Sophia’s online courses. More than 2,000 colleges and universities consider ACE CREDIT recommendations in determining the applicability to their course and degree programs.

Terms to Know
  • Astigmatism

    An eye disorder resulting in blurred vision due to the misshapen lens or cornea of the eye.

  • Cataracts

    A disorder of the eye in which the clouding of the lens affects how light enters the eye.

  • Color Blindness

    An eye disorder in which a person is lacking cone cells that allow them to detect certain colors. Most often this occurs with the colors red and green.

  • Conjunctivitis

    An eye disorder caused by bacteria or allergies which causes the membrane of the eye to become inflamed.

  • Glaucoma

    The deterioration of vision due to the buildup of aqueous humor in the eye.

  • Hyperopia

    An eye disorder in which a person has difficulty seeing near objects because the eyeball is taller than it is wide causing images to focus behind the retina.

  • Myopia

    An eye disorder in which a person has difficulty seeing distant objects because the eyeball is wider than it is tall causing images to focus in front of the retina.

  • Retinal Detachment

    An eye disorder resulting in a tear in the retina and vision problems.

  • Retinoblastoma

    Cancer of the retina.