Author: Megan Oliveira

Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is valid and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; identify false statements and fallacious reasoning.

The students I am targeting for this lesson are 10th graders at the Pre-AP Level.

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What is a logical fallacy?

Logical fallacies used in writing and speech.

This website provides examples and forms to further expand your knowledge of logical fallacies.

Logical Fallacies You Need To Know

Hasty Generalization: Drawing conclusions based on a small sample size

Ad Hominem: Rejecting a claim or argument on the basis of irrelevant information or facts about the author or person presenting.

Red Herring: Raising an irrelevant side issue that distracts the audience

Appeal to False Authority: Using an authority as evidence in your argument when the authority is not an expert about facts to the argument.

False Dichotomy: When only two choices are presented yet more exist.

False Cause and Effect: Assuming that one event must cause another because the events occur together.