Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is valid and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; identify false statements and fallacious reasoning.
The students I am targeting for this lesson are 10th graders at the Pre-AP Level.
Logical fallacies used in writing and speech.
This website provides examples and forms to further expand your knowledge of logical fallacies.
Hasty Generalization: Drawing conclusions based on a small sample size
Ad Hominem: Rejecting a claim or argument on the basis of irrelevant information or facts about the author or person presenting.
Red Herring: Raising an irrelevant side issue that distracts the audience
Appeal to False Authority: Using an authority as evidence in your argument when the authority is not an expert about facts to the argument.
False Dichotomy: When only two choices are presented yet more exist.
False Cause and Effect: Assuming that one event must cause another because the events occur together.