Enzyme Structure

Enzyme Structure

Author: Nathan Lampson
This lesson will describe that enzymes are made of proteins, and can be found in nature or can be synthesized synthetically.
See More
Try a College Course Free

Sophia’s self-paced online courses are a great way to save time and money as you earn credits eligible for transfer to over 2,000 colleges and universities.*

Begin Free Trial
No credit card required

28 Sophia partners guarantee credit transfer.

264 Institutions have accepted or given pre-approval for credit transfer.

* The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE Credit®) has evaluated and recommended college credit for 22 of Sophia’s online courses. More than 2,000 colleges and universities consider ACE CREDIT recommendations in determining the applicability to their course and degree programs.



Enzymes are made up of proteins known as amino acids.  The complex protein structure of enzymes allow them to attach to substrate molecules and speed up chemical reactions.  Enzymes are produced by the human body but can also be synthetically produced in a lab environment.



Lactase is an enzyme used to break down milk products.  If a person's body is unable to produce lactase, it can be taken as a pill.  Lactase made in a lab and packaged in a pill form has the same structure as lactase produced by the body and will allow an individual to digest milk products.