To get the understanding of what Fallacious Reasoning is and when and how is it used and identified. Understand the 3 different types of fallacies that we use today and their definitions.
What you will KNOW:
Defintion of Fallacious Reasonin
Begging the Question
Definition: when one fails to met the three requirements (claim, premise, and conclusion) of a argument.
"I want it all, or nothing at all!"
When does Fallacious Reasoning occur?
If they do the AND factor.....
1.)Accept premises that should be doubted
2.)Neglects relevant evidence
3.)Draws conclusion not supported by evidence
Types of Fallacies:
Begging the Question
Defintion: A dilemma that can be shown to be false because either one of its premises is false or there is a three alternative
To defeat False Dilemma:
“Going between the horns”
Either P or Q
If P then R
If Q then S
Therefore, either R or S
But, False dilemma is either P or Q so there is a third alternate.
“Grasping the horns”
Challenge one or both of the other 2 premises.
Definition: when one misrepresents a opponent or competitor; or goes after the weaker opponent or competitor and ignoring the stronger one.
BEGGING the Question
Definition: to avoid the question
Bill: "God must exist."
Jill: "How do you know."
Bill: "Because says so."
Jill: "Why should I believe the Bible?"
Bill: "Because the Bible was written by God."
In a article by Eric Jubler he argued that America should “open up” its wilderness areas: “ the purist [conservationist] is, generally speaking, against everything... the purist believes that those who do not agree with him to rape the land.”
Are you a good father?
Cavender, N. M., & Kahane, H. (2010). Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric (pp. 47-48, 57-59, 67, 385, 386, 388). Wadsworth.
Fallacy: Begging the Question. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/begging-the-question.html
False Dilemma [Video file]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dln3DJEcghY
[Horns] [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://media.photobucket.com/image/horns/tavinsv/horns.jpg?o=47
[Politics] [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://media.photobucket.com/image/politics/Di51/Politics/POLITICS_black2010.jpg?o=3#!oZZ3QQcurrentZZhttp%3A%2F%2Fmedia.photobucket.com%2Fimage%2Fpolitics%2FDi51%2FPolitics%2FPOLITICS_black2010.jpg%3Fo%3D3
[Question Mark] [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://media.photobucket.com/image/question%20mark/kathleen1523/Question_mark.png?o=34
[Sarah Palin] [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://media.photobucket.com/image/sarah%20palin/bangbangbbyjane/sarah%20palin/palin.jpg?o=9
[Stop Sign] [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://media.photobucket.com/image/stop%20sign/apieceowrk/Stop_Sign.jpg?o=19
The “Straw Man” Fallacy [Video file]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v5vzCmURh7o