Female Reproductive System
Next Generation: HS.LS1.2 MS.LS1.3 MS.LS1.3 NGSS

Female Reproductive System


This lesson will introduce the female reproductive system as well as give an overview of the organs and glands associated with the female reproductive system.

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Terms to Know
  • Cervix

    The lower portion of the uterus which opens to the vagina.

  • Endometrium

    The inner lining of the uterus.

  • Female Reproductive System

    The female reproductive system’s primary job is to mature and release ova (eggs) while the secondary functions are to gestate, deliver and nourish the child. The primary organs are the ovaries while the accessory organs are the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes and breasts.

  • Gametes

    Cells (eggs in females, sperm in males) which are haploid (contain 23 chromosomes).

  • Oocytes

    Immature egg cells that are released from ovaries.

  • Oogenesis

    The process by which egg cells are formed.

  • Ovaries

    Female reproductive organs that produce oocytes.

  • Oviduct

    A duct that connects ovaries to the uterus through which egg cells travel; also called "fallopian tubes".

  • Uterus

    An organ of the female reproductive system in which fertilized eggs develop into an embryo.

  • Vagina

    The organ of the female reproductive system which serves as the location where sperm enter and also serves as the birth canal.