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Figurative Language

Figurative Language

Author: Rebecca Long

Grade 6: English Language Arts:
3.7 Explain the effects of common literary devices (e.g., symbolism, imagery, metaphor) in a
variety of fictional and nonfictional texts.

This tutorial will explain the common literary devices so that students can identify them in various types of texts.

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Writers use figurative language to make their work richer and more imaginative. It helps the reader to envision the story or understand ideas more clearly. Examples of figurative language (also called literary devices) are: simile, metaphor, idioms, alliteration, personification, hyperbole, and onomatopoeia.  Here are some places you can look to find more information about figurative language.


Here is the BIG QUESTION: Well, it's not really a question. Your mission is to write a story using the following: simile, metaphor, hyperbole, alliteration, hyperbole, and onomatopoeia. It can be as long or as short as it needs to be. It can be about anything you want it to be. It can be fiction or non-fiction. Remember, figurative language is used to make writing rich and full of imagery, so be creative and have fun!


Examples of Figurative Language in a Chart

Source: What is Figurative Language? Definition and Examples. (2012, July 4). Retrieved August 1, 2015, from

Language Arts Figurative Language Tutorial

This video defines and explains each type of figurative language with examples.

Source: Lewis, R. (2010, November 9). Language Arts Figurative Language Tutorial. Retrieved August 1, 2015, from

Figurative Language Examples in Songs

This videos has examples of figurative language used in popular songs followed by an explanation of how the figurative language was used.

Source: Figurative Language Examples in Songs: Part 1. (2013, August 30). Retrieved August 1, 2015, from