Source: Image from Adobe Illustrator; Public Domain
A hormone secreted from the posterior pituitary gland that stimulates the kidneys to retain water, the receptors for ADH are located on the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts. High levels of ADH cause a person’s urine output to decrease and its color to become darker and more concentrated.
Nicknamed the “salt-retaining hormone," aldosterone stimulates the kidneys to retain sodium while simultaneously excreting potassium in the urine.
A medication or substance that increases a person’s urine output.
An enzyme found in blood that plays an important role in increasing blood pressure during hemorrhaging and diarrhea.